17 Apr

Probing Neutron-rich Nuclei: from Level Scheme to Nuclear Radii

17 April 2024 - 4:10 PM
1300 FRIB Laboratory and Online via Zoom
Facility for Rare Isotope Beams

Paul Gueye

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Starting over two decades ago, the MoNA Collaboration has now established itself as a leader in the understanding of the nuclear structure from the study of neutron unbound nuclei through (primarily) nuclear breakup or particle removal reactions. This Collaboration, comprised of eleven undergraduate institutions working with Michigan State University, started at the then National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and is now entering a new era at the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams. It uses the invariant mass spectroscopy technique to reconstruct the decay energy of these neutron rich nuclei from the experimentally measured four-momenta of the decay (fragments and neutrons) products. This is performed by leveraging the Modular Neutron Array and Large multi-Institutional Scintillator Array (MoNA-LISA) plastic scintillator-based neutron detectors and a large gap Sweeper magnet, the latter preceding a suite of charged detector systems. This talk will highlight two experiments utilizing the MoNA-LISA-Sweeper system: the measurement of the 26O lifetime and search for excited states in 31Ne. In addition to their primary focus, the former lead to extracting further insights into 27O, thus complementing a recent measurement of this isotope at the Japanese RIKEN facility, and the latter is providing new pathways to extract information about nuclear sizes for neutron rich nuclei. These novel analyses are opening new science opportunities for the MoNA Collaboration, including bridging a gap with a recent effort to address the neutron skin puzzle through electron scattering at intermediate energies. The aforementioned also contributed strongly to expanding the reach of FRIB to broaden representation in nuclear science furthering the impact of this facility for the U.S. nuclear science workforce.
19 Apr

High-Field Superconductors and Superconducting Magnets for Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source and Frontier Nuclear Physics

19 April 2024 - 3:00 PM
1221A and 1221B FRIB Laboratory
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Tengming Shen

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FRIB and LBNL have been collaborating to build high-field superconducting ECR ion source (ECRIS). Out of this collaboration, the first 28 GHz all superconducting Nb-Ti based ECRIS magnet has been in operation at FRIB since 2022 and the designing and prototyping efforts in using a higher-field Nb3Sn conductor are ongoing. This talk will discuss performance, design, design and simulation tools, fabrication methods used for these magnets, and their limits. This talk will also discuss characteristics of practical high field superconductors (Nb-Ti, Nb3Sn, and high-temperature superconductors), a new MARS-ECRIS magnet concept being prototyped at LBNL, the possibility of utilizing high-temperature superconductors for building ECRIS and frontier nuclear physics.

23 Apr

Tentative Thesis Title:
Precision Mass Measurement of Proton Halo Candidate 22Al and the Development of the Single Ion Penning Trap

23 April 2024 - 2:00 PM
1200 FRIB Laboratory
FRIB Graduate Research Assistant

Scott Campbell

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Committee: Ryan Ringle (Chairperson), Kei Minamisono, Scott Pratt, Reinhard Schwienhorst, Hui-Chia Yu.
30 Apr

Quantum Algorithms for Simulating Nuclear Effective Field Theories

30 April 2024 - 11:00 AM
1200 FRIB Laboratory and Online via Zoom
University of Maryland

James Watson

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Quantum computers offer the potential to simulate nuclear processes that are classically intractable. With the goal of understanding the necessary quantum resources, we employ state-of-the-art Hamiltonian-simulation methods, and conduct a thorough algorithmic analysis, to estimate the qubit and gate costs to simulate low-energy effective field theories (EFTs) of nuclear physics. In particular, within the framework of nuclear lattice EFT, we obtain simulation costs for the leading-order pionless and pionful EFTs. We consider both static pions represented by a one-pion-exchange potential between the nucleons, and dynamical pions represented by relativistic bosonic fields coupled to non-relativistic nucleons. We examine the resource costs for the tasks of time evolution and energy estimation for physically relevant scales. We account for model errors associated with truncating either long-range interactions in the one-pion-exchange EFT or the pionic Hilbert space in the dynamical-pion EFT, and for algorithmic errors associated with product-formula approximations and quantum phase estimation. Our results show that the pionless EFT is the least costly to simulate and the dynamical-pion theory is the costliest. We demonstrate how symmetries of the low-energy nuclear Hamiltonians can be utilized to obtain tighter error bounds on the simulation algorithm. By retaining the locality of nucleonic interactions when mapped to qubits, we achieve reduced circuit depth and substantial parallelization. This work highlights the importance of combining physics insights and algorithmic advancement in reducing quantum-simulation costs.
09 May


09 May 2024 - 8:00 AM
1221A and 1221B FRIB Laboratory
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The STREAMLINE (SmarT Reduction and Emulation Applying Machine Learning In Nuclear Environments) collaboration aims to advance the frontiers of theoretical and computational research on the nuclear many-body problem using ML. The scientific problems we address are among the most challenging in computational nuclear many-body theory and the collaboration is aligned with the U.S. government initiative to build a broad-based, multidisciplinary, multi-agency program for a sustained national AI structure. STREAMLINE will advance large nuclear physics computations to dramatically increase predictive power and improve our understanding of nuclear structure and dynamics, dense nucleonic matter, and emergent many-body phenomena -- this includes the properties of heavy neutron-rich nuclei and related astrophysical environments at the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB); structure and reactions of nuclei and nuclear astrophysics at the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS); neutron distributions in nuclei and few-body systems at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); properties of fission at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE); and nuclear structure, reactions, and astrophysics at Association for Research at University Nuclear Accelerator facilities (ARUNA).
12 May

Nuclear Science Summer School

12 May 2024 - 5:00 PM
1221A and 1221B FRIB Laboratory
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The Nuclear Science Summer School (NS3) is a summer school that introduces undergraduate student participants to the fields of nuclear science and nuclear astrophysics. NS3 is hosted by FRIB on the campus of Michigan State University (MSU). The school will offer lectures and activities covering selected nuclear science and astrophysics topics.